Romanesque architecture is an architectural style that is based on the ancient Roman structures, specifically those dating from the 2nd century AD. โรมาเนสก์ Romanesque architecture is also a genre, which is the kind of monumental architectural sculpture that imitates the earlier Roman styles of the past. It is also part of the “Romanicisms” category which includes well-known styles like Gothic and Greek architecture. Romanesque is sometimes referred to as “Roman Deco” because it is believed to be influenced in a variety of places by classical Roman architecture. It is unique and wasn’t part of any Roman architectural plan. It is located in places like Bath and along the Somerset coast.
Romanesque architecture was brought to prominence by the architect Vitruvius. Vitruvius was among the most prominent members of the Roman Academy in the 1st Century AD. Romanesque architecture usually makes use of very large elements, like columns, naves (sometimes known as “pipes”) and extremely thick walls. The Romanesque style is often linked to local traditions and there are obvious connections.
Romanesque architecture was brimming with stylized friezes. Walls of public buildings and baths are usually decorated with depiction murals. Romanesque building materials often include brick and stone. Stone was used to create clay tiles and bricks in the early century. Later stone was used to construct roads and pavements.
One characteristic of Romanesque architecture that has been as a part of other forms of Roman architectural style is the use of what is known as gable roofs. Romanesque roofs are usually placed at an angle to walls. This feature was later adopted by other architectural styles. For instance, in the Gothic architecture style, the roof typically faces westwards. Certain Romanesque structures even have what is called “Roman cornices”.
Romanesque architecture featured a variety of arches. Romanesque houses still use arches to support the roof. The Romanesque piers were sometimes supported by columns. Because of their intricate designs, the Romanesque churches of middle age are often compared with pagodas. They differ from simple pagodas in that Romanesque churches had intricate staircases, which might have involved using large pilasters. The Romanesque design of the Romanesque piers and columns was further accentuated by the mosaics used.
Romanesque architecture is complex and diverse in scale. While the majority of Romanesque structures are similar in terms of size, they differ in the particulars of how they are designed. A Romanesque town hall could have an outer ring that is covered with bifold doors, whereas the Romanesque structure may have one large, covered porta cochere (a section that connects all rooms). These buildings tend to follow the same geometric pattern but the pattern is often mixed with other elements of the architecture. For instance, the arches and columns may overlap one another and chapels or villas may not have arches or columns at all.
To understand the differences between the pre-roman era and Romanesque architecture, you need to know the basic learning objectives. The learning objectives for Romanesque architecture fall into three categories: utilitarian, religious, and political. The purpose of the religious is worshipping the gods and goddesses of Rome. Romanesque architecture is used to construct monuments for gods, public spaces such as streets and pathways, fountains, and public spaces, as well as monuments to Roman military personnel. In addition, objectives of the political system are intended to reflect the cultural and social values that the Roman state possesses.
Romanesque architecture is distinguished from pre-roman times by its lack of ornamentation. In contrast to the Colosseum and other public spaces where elaborate columns and arches are frequently used, houses of Romanesque architecture usually lack ornamentation. Instead, the design focuses on the use of sharp angles and straight lines and simple forms and unadorned shapes. This gives the Romanesque architecture an “closed” appearance and some art historians would compare to Seville Cathedral (the site of the final Roman Catholic Church). Romanesque architecture can be observed in the Romanesque arched walkways of Verona and the portico of Milan’s Dominican church.